GYTS│






GYTS│GLOBAL YOUTH TOBACCO SURVEY
FACT SHEET


ECUADOR 2016


GYTS Objectives


The Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS), a component of the
Global Tobacco Surveillance System (GTSS), is a global standard
for systematically monitoring youth tobacco use (smoking and
smokeless) and tracking key tobacco control indicators.


GYTS is a nationally representative school-based survey of
students in grades associated with 13 to 15 years of age and is
designed to produce cross-sectional estimates for each country.
GYTS uses a standard core questionnaire, sample design, and
data collection protocol. It assists countries in fulfilling their
obligations under the World Health Organization (WHO)
Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) to generate
comparable data within and across countries. WHO has
developed MPOWER, a package of selected demand reduction
measures contained in the WHO FCTC:













GYTS Methodology


GYTS uses a global standardized methodology that includes a
two-stage sample design with schools selected with a probability
proportional to enrollment size. The classes within selected
schools are chosen randomly and all students in selected classes
are eligible to participate in the survey. The survey uses a
standard core questionnaire with a set of optional questions that
permits adaptation to meet the needs of the country on tobacco
use and key tobacco control indicators. The questionnaire covers
the following topics: tobacco use (smoking and smokeless),
cessation, secondhand smoke (SHS), pro- and anti-tobacco
media and advertising, access to and availability of tobacco
products, and knowledge and attitudes regarding tobacco use.
The questionnaire is self-administered; using scannable paper-
based bubble sheets, it is anonymous to ensure confidentiality.


In Ecuador, GYTS was conducted in 2016 by the Ministry of
Public Health. The overall response rate was 83.9%. A total of
5,462 eligible students in 9th and 10th grades of middle school
and 1st year of high school completed the survey, of which 4,367
were aged 13-15 years. Data are reported for students aged 13-
15.


GYTS Highlights


TOBACCO USE


 13.0% of students, 15.3% of boys, and 10.7% of girls
currently used any tobacco products.


 11.8% of students, 13.9% of boys, and 10.0% of girls
currently smoked tobacco.


 8.0% of students, 8.9% of boys, and 7.0% of girls currently
smoked cigarettes.


 2.1% of students, 2.5% of boys, and 1.8% of girls currently
used smokeless tobacco.




ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS


 10.7% of students, 12.7% of boys, and 8.7% of girls
currently used electronic cigarettes.




CESSATION


 Almost 6 in 10 current smokers tried to stop smoking in
the past 12 months.


 More than 5 in 10 current smokers wanted to stop
smoking now.




SECONDHAND SMOKE


 16.7% of students were exposed to tobacco smoke at
home.


 31.5% of students were exposed to tobacco smoke inside
enclosed public places.




ACCESS & AVAILABILITY


 52.9% of current cigarette smokers obtained cigarettes by
buying them from a store, shop, street vendor, or kiosk.


 Among current cigarette smokers who bought cigarettes,
51.8% were not prevented from buying them because of
their age.





MEDIA


 6 in 10 students noticed anti-tobacco messages in the
media.


 4 in 10 students noticed tobacco advertisements or
promotions when visiting points of sale.


 1 in 10 students owned something with a tobacco brand
logo on it.




KNOWLEDGE & ATTITUDES


 28.9% of students definitely thought other people’s
tobacco smoking is harmful to them.





Last updated 17 January 2017




GYTS│GLOBAL YOUTH TOBACCO SURVEY
FACT SHEET


ECUADOR 2016


TOBACCO USE
SMOKED TOBACCO OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Current tobacco smokers1 11.8 13.9 10.0


Current cigarette smokers2 8.0 8.9 7.0


Frequent cigarette smokers3 0.5 0.9 0.2


Current smokers of other tobacco4 6.3 7.9 4.8


Ever tobacco smokers5 32.0 36.5 27.7


Ever cigarette smokers6 25.6 29.1 22.1


Ever smokers of other tobacco7 18.0 21.1 15.4


SMOKELESS TOBACCO


Current smokeless tobacco users8 2.1 2.5 1.8


Ever smokeless tobacco users9 5.5 6.0 5.1


TOBACCO USE (smoked and/or smokeless)


Current tobacco users10 13.0 15.3 10.7


Ever tobacco users11 34.1 38.8 29.6


SUSCEPTIBILITY


Never tobacco users susceptible to tobacco use in
the future12


17.2 16.9 17.2


Never smokers who thought they might enjoy
smoking a cigarette13 11.5 13.2 9.9


ELECTRONIC NICOTINE DELIVERY SYSTEMS
OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Current electronic cigarette users14 10.7 12.7 8.7







CESSATION
OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Current smokers who tried to stop smoking in
the past 12 months


56.8 64.8 45.4


Current smokers who want to stop smoking now 51.4 63.3 36.0


Current smokers who thought they would be
able to stop smoking if they wanted to


89.1 89.8 88.2


Current smokers who have ever received
help/advice from a program or professional to
stop smoking


18.9 19.3 18.5




SECONDHAND SMOKE
OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Exposure to tobacco smoke at home† 16.7 17.7 15.6


Exposure to tobacco smoke inside any enclosed
public place†


31.5 28.8 34.3


Exposure to tobacco smoke at any outdoor
public place†


32.4 30.3 34.5


Students who saw anyone smoking inside the
school building or outside on school property††


32.8 33.8 32.1


ACCESS & AVAILABILITY
OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Current cigarette smokers who obtained
cigarettes by buying them from a store, shop,
street vendor, or kiosk15


52.9 63.6 42.3


Current cigarette smokers who were not
prevented from buying cigarettes because of
their age16


51.8 54.9 47.7


Current cigarette smokers who
bought cigarettes as individual sticks17


55.5 58.4 52.6




MEDIA
TOBACCO ADVERTISING OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Students who noticed tobacco advertisements or
promotions at points of sale18


38.7 40.8 36.5


Students who saw anyone using tobacco on
television, videos, or movies19


44.3 46.6 42.3


Students who were ever offered a free tobacco
product from a tobacco company representative


5.4 6.7 4.0


Students who owned something with a tobacco
brand logo on it


11.2 13.7 8.5


ANTI-TOBACCO ADVERTISING


Students who noticed anti-tobacco messages in
the media††


60.4 58.2 62.6


Students who noticed anti-tobacco messages at
sporting or community events20


43.3 44.1 42.3


Current smokers who thought about quitting
because of a warning label21


34.7 38.2 30.7


Students who were taught in school about the
dangers of tobacco use in the past 12 months


64.9 63.3 66.5




KNOWLEDGE & ATTITUDES
OVERALL (%) BOYS (%) GIRLS (%)


Students who definitely thought it is difficult to
quit once someone starts smoking tobacco


15.8 14.9 16.8


Students who thought smoking tobacco helps
people feel more comfortable at celebrations,
parties, and social gatherings


35.4 35.2 35.6


Students who definitely thought other people’s
tobacco smoking is harmful to them


28.9 28.0 30.2


Students who favored banning smoking at
outdoor public places


74.1 71.9 76.4



1 Smoked tobacco anytime during the past 30 days. 2 Smoked cigarettes anytime during the past 30 days.
3 Smoked cigarettes on 20 or more days of the past 30 days. 4 Smoked tobacco other than cigarettes anytime
during the past 30 days. 5 Ever smoked any tobacco, even one or two puffs. 6 Ever smoked cigarettes, even
one or two puffs. 7 Ever smoked tobacco other than cigarettes, even one or two puffs. 8 Used smokeless
tobacco anytime during the past 30 days. 9 Ever used smokeless tobacco. 10 Smoked tobacco and/or used
smokeless tobacco anytime during the past 30 days. 11 Ever smoked tobacco and/or used smokeless tobacco.
12 Susceptible to future tobacco use includes those who answered “definitely yes”, “probably yes”, or “probably
not” to using tobacco if one of their best friends offered it to them, or “definitely yes”, “probably yes”, or
“probably not” to using tobacco during the next 12 months. 13 Those who answered “Agree” or “Strongly
Agree” to the statement: “I think I might enjoy smoking a cigarette”. 14 Used electronic cigarettes anytime
during the past 30 days. Current use of electronic cigarettes is assessed separately from the question used to
define current smokers of other tobacco. 15 How cigarettes were obtained the last time respondents smoked
cigarettes in the past 30 days. 16 Of those who tried to buy cigarettes during the past 30 days. 17 Based on the
last purchase, of those who bought cigarettes during the past 30 days. 18 Among those who visited a point of
sale in the past 30 days. 19 Among those who watched television, videos, or movies in the past 30 days. 20
Among those who attended sporting or community events in the past 30 days. 21 Among those who noticed
warning labels on cigarette packages in the past 30 days. † During the past 7 days. †† During the past 30 days.

NOTE: Students refer to persons aged 13-15 years who are enrolled in school. Data have been weighted to be
nationally representative of all students aged 13-15 years. Percentages reflect the prevalence of each indicator
in each group, not the distribution across groups.





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