make walking, cycling, and public transit 4/ preferred transportation options.
1. maKe the majority (over 50%) of trips
by foot, bicycle, anD public transit.
2. reDuce average Distance Driven per
resiDent by 20% from 2007 levels.
How we move around a city makes a big difference to our quality of
life. The air we breathe, the amount of land we need, our physical
health and well-being, and the cost of travel are all impacted by our
transportation choices. Green transportation includes transit, as well
as active transportation like cycling and walking. It is also about the
places we see and experiences we have on the way to our destinations.
To achieve the Green Transportation goal, we need to make
Vancouver a city where moving on foot or by bike is safe, convenient,
and enjoyable. Transit should be fast, frequent, reliable, accessible,
and comfortable, getting you where you need to go when you need
to get there. Streets, public spaces, and neighbourhoods should be
vibrant places that are alive with people, plants, and activities.
In 2008, around 40% of trips to and within the city were by foot,
bike, or transit, up from 33% in 1994. With the high number of
residents using the Canada Line that opened in 2009, it’s likely that
these numbers have continued to grow.
Currently there is no 2007 baseline data for the second Green
Transportation target of reducing the distance driven per resident.
City staff are working with partner agencies to identify how data
collection for distances driven can be improved.
hiGhest Priority ACtions
The following are the highest priority actions for 2011–2014. The
complete list of Green Transportation actions can be found in the
Greenest City 2020 Action Plan available at talkgreenvancouver.ca
1. Complete a new Active Transportation Master Plan and update the
Transportation Plan with direction from the strategies and actions in
the Greenest City Action Plan. Vancouver’s last Transportation Plan
was completed in 1997, with most actions either completed or in
progress. These new plans will provide the strategies and framework
for the next decade of action.
2. Improve pedestrian safety by developing and implementing a
pedestrian safety study and action plan.
3. Support transportation and active transportation planning with land
use policies that enable the City to meet mobility and transportation
4. Work with TransLink and the Province to advocate for high-capacity,
fast, frequent and reliable rapid transit for the Broadway Corridor
from Commercial Drive to the University of British Columbia.
5. Pursue the development and installation of a bike-share program
in Vancouver’s downtown and other high-potential cycling areas.
Multiple bike-share stations would provide easy access to affordable
rental bikes for short trips around the city.
key strAteGies to 2020
make active transportation choices such as walking and
cycling feel safe, convenient, comfortable and fun for all
ages and abilities
Many of us may want to choose our walking shoes or bicycle instead of
the car, but barriers such as feelings of safety, comfort or convenience
can get in the way. This strategy aims to address these concerns. Some
key actions include: safer and more convenient bike routes, better bike
parking and end-of-trip facilities, more dedicated pedestrian-priority
spaces, streets and sidewalks that encourage active transportation, and
improved safety through design, education and enforcement.• public bicycle operator and
• car-share manager and
• transit operator
• transportation engineer
• road and public realm
• policy analyst and researcher
Plan for complete communities to encourage increased
walking and cycling and to support improved transit
A complete community is one that provides the services we use such
as grocery stores, coffee shops, and post offices all within a convenient
distance from where we live.
Some key actions include: planning for mixed-use areas with
pedestrian-oriented public spaces so that goods and services are
within a safe and enjoyable 10-minute walk from where people
live; planning for new development that supports existing and
new transit infrastructure; and encouraging new housing choices
in existing walkable neighbourhoods to reduce household and
support transit improvements to increase capacity
and ensure that service is fast, frequent, reliable, fully
accessible, and comfortable
It’s important for people to know that their bus or SkyTrain will be
there when and where they need it. In community consultations,
residents have said that these kinds of improvements would increase
the amount they use transit services.
Some key actions include: working with the Province and TransLink
to enable new financing tools to help pay for expanded transit service;
improving the transit experience through better design of waiting
areas; protecting future transit corridors; and expanding measures
to improve the reliability of transit services.
Advance policies that encourage residents to reduce
car ownership and use
In addition to transit services and more complete communities, the
City can use other tools to create opportunities for reduced car use
Some key actions include: expanding support for car sharing; better
management of on-street parking; unbundling the cost of parking
from housing; and working with partners to encourage work-from-
home and other programs that reduce the need for vehicle trips.
Accelerate the shift to low- and zero-carbon-emission
Since cars are going to be a part of our city for some time to come,
it is important to support technologies and infrastructure that reduce
the environmental impact of these vehicles.
Some key actions include: supporting electric vehicles with convenient
charging stations and other infrastructure, and integrating electric
vehicle use into City operations.
work with local and regional partners on a sustainable
goods-movement strategy that supports a growing
economy while reducing GhG emissions
Vancouver’s Green Transportation targets are dependent on partner-
ships with others in the region. They include not just how individuals
move around the city, but also how products and goods are transported.
Actions include: protecting key goods-movement corridors (especially
rail); encouraging low-impact goods movement such as low-carbon
trucks and bicycle transportation; and encouraging the right-sizing of
delivery and service vehicles.
whAt it’s GoinG to tAke
to Get there
The City can do a great deal when it comes to greening transportation,
but there is significant need for support from other agencies like
TransLink, the Province, Metro Vancouver, and ICBC in order to
achieve these targets.
Vancouver needs to achieve the Green Transportation targets in order
to meet the 2020 targets for Climate Leadership, Lighter Footprint, and
Air Quality. Green Transportation is also tied to Access to Nature and
specific actions such as building new greenways and upgrading portions
of our bikeways to greenways.
City-wide, 24-hour mode share (%) of all trips to and
within city by walking, cycling and transit
WALK & CYCLE
1994 1999 2004 2008 2020
that a green
hoW many Ways can We use
a city street?
In 2009, Vancouver started to
answer this question with the
Summer Spaces program, initiated
in four different neighbourhoods.
Summer Spaces closed streets to
cars and opened up the asphalt to
a whole range of activities including
badminton, salsa dancing, street
hockey, art lessons, choirs, food
carts, lounging on couches, and
In 2010, the open Streets program
expanded to include five blocks of
Granville Street and is expected
to continue, creating more
opportunities for community
members to share the road. The
program is now known as Viva
Vancouver. Find out about upcoming
activities at vancouver.ca/viva
canaDa line anD
the olympics legacy
The 2010 olympic and Paralympic
Winter Games built our confidence
and capacity to deal with large
increases in public transit use. It
showed that we can increase the
number of residents who use public
transportation, walking, or cycling to
get around our city.
Six out of 10 metro Vancouver
residents who currently drive have
said they would shift to public
transportation if they had the level
of service provided during the
olympics. We know that this future
is possible and that people are ready
future is possible
and that people
are ready for it.
The Canada Line was a key piece
of this transportation puzzle,
boasting a current ridership that
wasn’t projected to be reached
until 2013. The Canada Line has also
encouraged new approaches to
coordinated transportation and land
use planning, which work together
to create neighbourhoods that
encourage us to choose active or
public transportation options.
trAnsPortAtion mAkes sense
For mAny reAsons:
Health – Sustainable transportation choices mean healthier and more active citizens, cleaner
air, and reduced accident risk, all of which result in higher quality of life and reduced public
Resiliency – Great transportation cities are better prepared to deal with the uncertainty
of rising gas prices since they are less reliant on fossil fuels. They also have the capacity and
flexibility to host big events and the ability to respond to the unexpected.
Affordability – Sustainable transportation can be more affordable than driving and can reduce
the need for residents to own cars. Households that go car-free or “car-lite” can save thousands of
dollars each year. This is money that can be spent on housing or in the local economy.
Community – Cities that focus on moving people rather than cars have more vibrant public
spaces, which provide richer cultural experiences and more opportunities for social interaction.
Economy – Sustainable transportation choices support a strong economy by enabling
the exchange of goods, services, and ideas throughout the city. Implementing the Green
Transportation plan positions Vancouver as a place where the world wants to live, work,
and do business. It also increases our reputation as a tourism destination, creating jobs and
opportunities for residents.
Environment – Motor vehicles are some of largest sources of greenhouse gases and other
pollutants. Sustainable transportation choices help us clean our air, reduce our carbon footprint,
and lead toward a stable climate future.